our home baby-proofing checklist as a tool to help create
a safer home environment for your children. Totsafe
recommends that baby-proofing be done when your child is
around 3-6 months of age, before he/she can crawl.
Don’t wait for your child to start opening cabinets or
trying to climb the stairs before you childproof your
home. Do it as soon as you can, and as thoroughly as
possible to help prevent the number one cause of injury to
children (unintentional injuries).
Secure the top and bottom of
stairways with baby safety gates. Please see our
TO BABY SAFETY GATES"
to help you choose which
gates are right for your space. PRESSURE MOUNTED
BABY GATES ARE NOT RECOMMENDED FOR THE TOP OF THE STAIRS.Special circumstances such as molding, baseboards,
uneven or hollow walls, wrought iron railings, balusters,
etc. may require the use of gate
installation kits to
create a mountable surface.
Windows:Windows (even first floor
windows) pose a falling hazard to children.
Children should not have access to open windows; windows
that can be opened more than 4" are hazardous.
Use childproofing window guards on second story and higher
Blinds:Cords from window
blinds should be kept out of children's reach.
Although we prefer to see parents remove window blinds
with cords from the home because they are a strangulation
risk to children, they can easily be secured out of reach
if removal is not possible. NEVER PLACE A CHILD'S
CRIB OR BED NEAR THE WINDOW OR WINDOW BLINDS.
Create a barrier between
children and electrical currents with appropriate
childproofing measures. Determine whether your
outlets are Standard or Decorator* and:
oIf you have outlets constantly in use (i.e.
lamp plugged in all the time): We
that are frequently used (i.e. outlet used to plug in
vacuum, then remove it): Try sliding
outlet plates, which
replace your existing outlet plate and have a 'door' that
slides closed to cover the outlet as soon as an item is
oOutlets that are
rarely used (usually left unused): Outlet
plugs fit snugly inside
outlets to prevent access.
Decorator Outlets have 2 screws, one at top, one at
bottom. Standard outlets have one screw, in the
middle. For more information regarding electrical
outlet safety, please read "Outlet
Safety In Your Home"
a guide to selecting electrical safety products for your
Medicines, Cleaners, Cosmetics, etc.: These items should to be kept out of the reach
of children. Medicines, cosmetics, cleaners and
other household products should be kept in their original
containers with labels, and up in cupboards or on shelves
where children can not have access to them.
locks and latches on
cupboards or drawers where these items are stored.
Loft, Landing, etc. with banisters:Use
shields to close off gaps
between balusters and newel posts, particularly where the
space is more than 4". Remove items from around
banisters, half walls, etc. that children may use to
climb. This includes toys, chairs, tables, and other
products that curious children may use to step up on.
can be one of the most hazardous rooms in your home.
If it is possible, use a baby safety gate to block off
access to the kitchen, especially during cooking or
hold your child while in the kitchen. Children may
try to grab hot foods or sharp items that could injure
them. If a child does grab a sharp item such as a
knife, do not try to pull it out of the child's hand.
Instead, firmly squeeze the child's wrist until they let
go of the object.
knives and other sharp objects stored in locked drawers.
plastic bags away from children.
Electrical Appliances: There
is a huge array of electrical appliances that are
hazardous to children. Kitchen
can all lead to burns and other
injuries. They should be secured with guards,
latches, and straps to prevent access, and guard against
injury. Unplug electrical appliances when not in
Children are particularly curious
about water, even water in the toilet. Just a couple
of inches of water, such as that in the toilet, bucket, or
pet dish can pose a drowning risk. Use toilet
locks to prevent access
to water in the toilet, and never keep water in buckets,
tubs, etc. Pets water dishes should be kept out of
the reach of babies and toddlers as well.
sources (faucet, bathtub, shower): Children
should not have access to water for many reasons. In
addition to the drowning risk associated with water, it
can also put children at risk for being scalded if it is
too hot. Water heaters in your home should be set to
no more than 120 degrees to help prevent this. Keep
bathroom doors closed or gated off and use a Safety
Tap Guard to prevent access to water.
Cabinets/Drawers: Cabinets and drawers hold many items
that can be dangerous to children including cleansers,
medicines, cosmetics and sharp objects like knives and
scissors. Cabinets and drawers should be secured
with locks or latches to prevent access. Individuals
who prefer not to install hardware mounted cabinet &
drawer latches can try Adhesive
Mount Cabinet Latches.
Cans: Children should not have access to
garbage cans or their contents. Garbage cans should
be placed where children can not reach them, and locked
closed with a locking strap.
in reach: cords
should be kept out of reach of children to minimize
pulling on items, and gaining access to electrical
outlets. Computers, entertainment centers, and lamps
are a few of the items that have cords that should be
secured out of reach. Cord control kits or outlet
covers with cord shorteners can be used for this purpose.
Nightlights: Some nightlights have small
parts and hot bulbs that can injure children.
They also may be pulled out, exposing children to outlets.
Wood Burning Stoves, Barbecue Grills:
Children should not be allowed near fireplaces, grills or
wood burning stoves. It is good practice not to
allow children near them even when they are not in use.
Protect children from burns from fireplaces and
stoves with fireplace gates. Use edge and corner
cushions on hearths to protect from bumps and bruises.
household plants can be fatal to children if eaten, and
the fertilizer in soil can be harmful, as well.
Plants should be moved out of children's reach. If
that is not an option, pot should be covered with mesh or
plastic so that child does not have access to the soil.
Saver can be used to cover the soil and help prevent
Children are often fascinated with
buttons and doors, such as those found on TVs, VCRs, etc.
Clear plastic shields can be used to guard against having
a child insert inappropriate items into the VCR, push
buttons, etc. Attach appliance straps to items to
help prevent them from tipping onto children.
Monoxide & Smoke Detectors: It is recommended that smoke
detectors be placed in every separate sleeping area of the
home, on the ceiling at least 15 feet away from
fuel-burning appliances. There should be at least
one carbon monoxide detector on every floor of the home.
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas which
is a particular hazard to children because they have
faster metabolic rates and gas accumulates faster in their
bodies than adults.
Use childproofing products
correctly all of the time. Train older children,
babysitters and visitors (including Grandma & Grandpa)
on how to properly use child safety items in your home to
help ensure correct use, and continued protection of your
child. It only takes one time for a cabinet to be
left open, or a toilet to be left unlocked for an accident
Prevent access to scalding water using anti-scald devices,
and/or setting your water heater to a maximum temperature
of 120 degrees.
Make sure cleaners, cosmetics, plants, and other poisonous
substances are correctly labeled with name and ingredients
so that if your baby ingests the item you can give
accurate information to a poison control center or
emergency medical team.
Make sure windows can not be opened more than 4” and/or
are blocked with Window Guards.
Always supervise your child in the bath.
Remove two-piece door stops, which have small parts that
can be choking hazards, replace with one-piece
Make sure to keep older children's toys away from younger
Keep cigarettes, lighters, matches, and lit candles out of
Check floors for small objects that could pose a choking
hazard, move breakable items like figurines, ceramics,
vases, etc. to higher locations where children can not
reach them, and remove tablecloths and coverings that
toddlers may try to pull themselves up on.
Keep older children's toys out of reach of younger
Consider childproofing to be an ongoing process.
checklist was created to be as thorough as possible,
however, please remember that this checklist is just for
reference, and may not cover all of the child safety
issues in your home, or with your child.
products are meant to be deterrents; they are not meant to
substitute for proper adult supervision.